Once an industrial power and immigrant center, Williamsburg is known internationally for its art, food, shopping, and hipsters. But it's far more than that.
Williamsburg may be the most interesting neighborhood--or district--in the city. Once a resort in the 19th century, it became an industrial power, based on the sugar industry and other manufacturing concerns, with its own main street and banks.
When the Williamsburg Bridge opened in 1903 century, Williamsburg became an extension of the Lower East Side ghetto, a densely populated tenement area, home to Eastern European Jews, Italians, and Poles.
After World War II and the building of the Brooklyn Queens Expressway, the neighborhood declined, with industry and many longtime residents moving out. New arrivals included Hasidic Jews who survived the Holocaust and Puerto Ricans moving for factory work.
Williamsburg struggled for decades, but was buoyed by reinvestment by the city, via nonprofit neighborhood groups, to stabilize buildings, then an influx of artists and others seeking space near Manhattan. That move begat bars, restaurants, night spots, galleries, and a waves of gentrification.
A 2004 rezoning emphasized market-rate housing, pushed by the mayor's office and floating on very generous tax breaks. New buildings sprouted.
Note the astonishing contrast between the 1980s and now, as documented by Anders Goldfarb, a film about the Latino Southside from the 1980s, southand how the 1990s "early" wave of artists and musicians have had to move on.
Seeing Williamsburg on a tour
Now Williamsburg is one of the hottest neighborhoods in New York, a beacon to young people throughout the world and a weary cliche to some others. There's dramatic change--especially high-rises at the waterfront--but also many ties to the past.
Our route usually includes the Hasidic enclave of South Williamsburg, home to the neighborhood's historic library and mansions since converted to yeshivas, mainly for the Satmar Hasidim. We'll also see the historic Broadway corridor near the Williamsburg Bridge, home to former banks and the famed Peter Luger steakhouse.
We'll traverse the long-gritty but steadily changing Southside, and see plans some astonishing new planned development. We'll proceed to the Northside, home to an astonishing array of restaurants, bars, and shopping, as well as new and reclaimed buildings, some far more impressive than others.
Note that the typical 2.5-hour tour only covers particular slices of Williamsburg. We could easily extend it by an hour or two, and that's before going to adjacent neighborhoods.
Distance from Midtown Manhattan: 25-30 minutes
Basic tour length: 2.5 hours (see fees)
Starting place: Near J train, L train, East River Ferry
Ending place: Near J train, L train, East River Ferry
Highlights: Industrial history, ethnic diversity, art, gentrification, shopping
Before/after tour: Many food options, including Brooklyn Brewery. Smorgasburg is in Williamsburg on Saturdays April-November
Snacks during tour: chocolate, ice cream, cup cakes, pastries, coffee
Variations: Saturday tour omits Hasidic zone, but allows more time at galleries, and/or Central Williamsburg; on occasional Friday nights, gallery openings are coordinated
Potential tour extensions with me: Greenpoint, East Williamsburg/Bushwick, DUMBO (via East River Ferry), Long Island City (via East River Ferry) , Lower East Side, Brooklyn 101 (via East River Ferry)